These are the top Mining Countries of Africa
A Developing Industry
Minerals: Bauxite, gold, limestone, cobalt, granite, iron ore, nepheline syenite, nickel and rutile.
Independence: 1 January 1960
Area: 475,442 km2
Mining fact: Even though Cameroon has vast mineral resources, it is not yet extensively mined.
Unity, Work, Progress
Minerals: Sodium carbonate or natron, gold, wolframite, bauxite, uranium, silver and alluvial diamonds.
Independence: 11 August 1960
Area: 1,284,000 km2
Mining fact: Most of the mining activities in Chad are conducted by small-scale artisanal miners. Although there are several national and international mining companies actively exploring the potential for gold and uranium mining in Chad, there are no large-scale mines operating in the country.
A Mineral Rich Country
Minerals: Gold oil and copper
Official languages: French
Independence: 7 August 1960
Area: 322,463 km2
Mining fact: There are crude oil reserves of 100 million barrels
A Major Mining Country in Africa
Minerals: copper, cobalt, gold, diamonds, zinc, iron and uranium
Independence: 30 June 1960
Area: 2,345,409 km
Mining fact: Mining sector makes 90% of export
World Leader in Manganese
Minerals: Diamonds, manganese, cement, iron ore, uranium, lead, zinc, marble, niobium, gold and potentially phosphate.
Independence: 17 August 1960
Area: 267,667 km2
Mining fact: In the 1970s, uranium was mined in Gabon to supply the French nuclear power industry. During this time, the Oklo reactor zone was discovered. Oklo was active around two billion years ago and is the only natural nuclear fission reactor on Earth.
Work, Justice, Solidarity
Minerals: Bauxite, iron ore, uranium, diamonds and gold
Independence: 2 October 1958
Area: 245,836 km2
Mining fact: Guinea has at least 25% of the world’s known bauxite reserve
The Warm Heart of Africa
Minerals: Sand, bauxite, phosphate, uranium and rare earth deposits
Independence: 6 July 1964
Area: 118,000 km2
Mining fact: production of uranium is 1% of the global production
A Country Rich in Natural Resources
Minerals: Coal, gold, tantalite, aluminum, natural gas, nickel, fluorite, and uranium.
Independence: 1 March 1498
Area: 801,590 km2
Mining fact: Mozambique holds some of the world’s largest untapped coal deposits and the world’s largest tantalite deposits.
Unity, Liberty, Justice
Minerals: Diamonds, gold, uranium, zinc, lead and copper.
Independence: 21 March 1990
Area:3825,615 square Kilometres
Mining fact: De Beers, known as the largest diamond company in the world, has bought most of the diamonds from Namibia and plans to continue doing so. It has a strong partnership with the local government.
Unity in Diversity
Minerals: Gold, columbite, wolframite, tantalite, bitumen, iron ore and uranium
Independence: 1 October 1960
Area: 923,768 km2
Mining fact:Despite massive mineral wealth, the Nigerian mining industry is vastly underdeveloped and only accounts for 0.3% of the country’s GDP – and this due to oil resources. The underdevelopment is resulting in Nigeria having to import processed minerals, even though it could be locally produced.
Freedom and Unity
Minerals: Gold, diamonds, tanzanite, uranium, and coal.
Independence: 25 April 1977
Area:947,303 square Kilometres
Mining fact: Tanzania is the only place in the world where the precious gemstone tanzanite is found.
Unity in Diversity
Minerals: Diamonds, gold, coal, platinum, palladium, chromium, uranium, manganese, ilmenite, zirconium, vanadium, rutile and vermiculite
Independence: 31 May 1910
Area: 1,221,037 km2
Mining fact:The deepest mine in the world is Mponeng gold mine in Johannesburg, South Africa.
Unity, Freedom, Work
Minerals: Diamonds, gold, coal, lithium, nickel, PGM, and wolframit
Independence: 11 November 1965
Area: 390,757 square kilometers
Mining fact:Some of the world’s largest platinum reserves are mined in Zimbabwe by Impala Platinum and Anglo American plc.
Mining Countries in Africa
The Earthly Riches of African States
Top mining countries in Africa
The mining countries in Africa are blanketed with vast quantities of untapped mineral wealth. The continent has been ranked by the US Geological Society as having immense reserves of all manner of minerals including diamonds, platinum, bauxite, manganese, gold and cobalt among others. Precious metals are scattered throughout Africa, from Senegal in the west to Ethiopia in the east, and South Africa in the South. Diamonds are found throughout the continent and copper is ubiquitous in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania, South Africa and Namibia. Each African country is rich in resources of one kind or another, and recent exploration and mining initiatives by China, individual African countries, and multinational conglomerates are resulting in a boom in mining operations in the continent.
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