The Mining Countries of Africa

Angola

Oil Rich, Investor's Dream?


Minerals: Oil and diamonds

Independence: 11 November 1975

Area: 1,246,700 km2

Mining fact: Diamonds are responsible for over 98% of the government's earnings

Cote D’Ivoire

A Mineral Rich Country


Minerals: Gold oil and copper

Official languages: French

Independence: 7 August 1960

Area: 322,463 km2

Mining fact: There are crude oil reserves of 100 million barrels

Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

A Major Mining Country in Africa


Minerals: copper, cobalt, gold, diamonds, zinc, iron and uranium

Independence: 30 June 1960

Area: 2,345,409 km

Mining fact: Mining sector makes 90% of export

Guinea

Work, Justice, Solidarity


Minerals: Bauxite, iron ore, uranium, diamonds and gold

Independence: 2 October 1958

Area: 245,836 km2

Mining fact: Guinea has at least 25% of the world’s known bauxite reserve

Malawi

The Warm Heart of Africa


Minerals: Sand, bauxite, phosphate, uranium and rare earth deposits

Independence: 6 July 1964

Area: 118,000 km2

Mining fact: production of uranium is 1% of the global production

Nigeria

Unity in Diversity


Minerals: Gold, columbite, wolframite, tantalite, bitumen, iron ore and uranium

Independence: 1 October 1960

Area: 923,768 km2

Mining fact:Despite massive mineral wealth, the Nigerian mining industry is vastly underdeveloped and only accounts for 0.3% of the country’s GDP – and this due to oil resources. The underdevelopment is resulting in Nigeria having to import processed minerals, even though it could be locally produced.

Rwanda

A Resource Poor Country


Minerals: Gold, tantalum, tin, gold and tungsten

Independence: 1 July 1962

Area: 26,338 km2

Mining fact: In 2014, the country earned $203.32 million from mineral exports

South Africa

Unity in Diversity


Minerals: Diamonds, gold, coal, platinum, palladium, chromium, uranium, manganese, ilmenite, zirconium, vanadium, rutile and vermiculite

Independence: 31 May 1910

Area: 1,221,037 km2

Mining fact:The deepest mine in the world is Mponeng gold mine in Johannesburg, South Africa.

Mining Countries in Africa

The Earthly Riches of African States


The Earthly Riches of African States

The mining countries in Africa are blanketed with vast quantities of untapped mineral wealth. The continent has been ranked by the US Geological Society as having immense reserves of all manner of minerals including diamonds, platinum, bauxite, manganese, gold and cobalt among others. Precious metals are scattered throughout Africa, from Senegal in the west to Ethiopia in the east, and South Africa in the South. Diamonds are found throughout the continent and copper is ubiquitous in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania, South Africa and Namibia. Each African country is rich in resources of one kind or another, and recent exploration and mining initiatives by China, individual African countries, and multinational conglomerates are resulting in a boom in mining operations in the continent.

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