These are the top Mining Countries of Africa


Oil Rich, Investor's Dream?

Minerals: Oil and diamonds

Independence: 11 November 1975

Area: 1,246,700 km2

Mining fact: Diamonds are responsible for over 98% of the government's earnings


A Developing Industry

Minerals: Bauxite, gold, limestone, cobalt, granite, iron ore, nepheline syenite, nickel and rutile.

Independence: 1 January 1960

Area: 475,442 km2

Mining fact: Even though Cameroon has vast mineral resources, it is not yet extensively mined.


Unity, Work, Progress

Minerals: Sodium carbonate or natron, gold, wolframite, bauxite, uranium, silver and alluvial diamonds.

Independence: 11 August 1960

Area: 1,284,000 km2

Mining fact: Most of the mining activities in Chad are conducted by small-scale artisanal miners. Although there are several national and international mining companies actively exploring the potential for gold and uranium mining in Chad, there are no large-scale mines operating in the country.

Cote D’Ivoire

A Mineral Rich Country

Minerals: Gold oil and copper

Official languages: French

Independence: 7 August 1960

Area: 322,463 km2

Mining fact: There are crude oil reserves of 100 million barrels

Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

A Major Mining Country in Africa

Minerals: copper, cobalt, gold, diamonds, zinc, iron and uranium

Independence: 30 June 1960

Area: 2,345,409 km

Mining fact: Mining sector makes 90% of export


World Leader in Manganese

Minerals: Diamonds, manganese, cement, iron ore, uranium, lead, zinc, marble, niobium, gold and potentially phosphate.

Independence: 17 August 1960

Area: 267,667 km2

Mining fact: In the 1970s, uranium was mined in Gabon to supply the French nuclear power industry. During this time, the Oklo reactor zone was discovered. Oklo was active around two billion years ago and is the only natural nuclear fission reactor on Earth.


Work, Justice, Solidarity

Minerals: Bauxite, iron ore, uranium, diamonds and gold

Independence: 2 October 1958

Area: 245,836 km2

Mining fact: Guinea has at least 25% of the world’s known bauxite reserve


The Warm Heart of Africa

Minerals: Sand, bauxite, phosphate, uranium and rare earth deposits

Independence: 6 July 1964

Area: 118,000 km2

Mining fact: production of uranium is 1% of the global production


A Country Rich in Natural Resources

Minerals: Coal, gold, tantalite, aluminum, natural gas, nickel, fluorite, and uranium.

Independence: 1 March 1498

Area: 801,590 km2

Mining fact: Mozambique holds some of the world’s largest untapped coal deposits and the world’s largest tantalite deposits.


Unity, Liberty, Justice

Minerals: Diamonds, gold, uranium, zinc, lead and copper.

Independence: 21 March 1990

Area:3825,615 square Kilometres

Mining fact: De Beers, known as the largest diamond company in the world, has bought most of the diamonds from Namibia and plans to continue doing so. It has a strong partnership with the local government.


Unity in Diversity

Minerals: Gold, columbite, wolframite, tantalite, bitumen, iron ore and uranium

Independence: 1 October 1960

Area: 923,768 km2

Mining fact:Despite massive mineral wealth, the Nigerian mining industry is vastly underdeveloped and only accounts for 0.3% of the country’s GDP – and this due to oil resources. The underdevelopment is resulting in Nigeria having to import processed minerals, even though it could be locally produced.


A Resource Poor Country

Minerals: Gold, tantalum, tin, gold and tungsten

Independence: 1 July 1962

Area: 26,338 km2

Mining fact: In 2014, the country earned $203.32 million from mineral exports


Freedom and Unity

Minerals: Gold, diamonds, tanzanite, uranium, and coal.

Independence: 25 April 1977

Area:947,303 square Kilometres

Mining fact: Tanzania is the only place in the world where the precious gemstone tanzanite is found.

South Africa

Unity in Diversity

Minerals: Diamonds, gold, coal, platinum, palladium, chromium, uranium, manganese, ilmenite, zirconium, vanadium, rutile and vermiculite

Independence: 31 May 1910

Area: 1,221,037 km2

Mining fact:The deepest mine in the world is Mponeng gold mine in Johannesburg, South Africa.


Unity, Freedom, Work

Minerals: Diamonds, gold, coal, lithium, nickel, PGM, and wolframit

Independence: 11 November 1965

Area: 390,757 square kilometers

Mining fact:Some of the world’s largest platinum reserves are mined in Zimbabwe by Impala Platinum and Anglo American plc.

Mining Countries in Africa

The Earthly Riches of African States

Top mining countries in Africa

The mining countries in Africa are blanketed with vast quantities of untapped mineral wealth. The continent has been ranked by the US Geological Society as having immense reserves of all manner of minerals including diamonds, platinum, bauxite, manganese, gold and cobalt among others. Precious metals are scattered throughout Africa, from Senegal in the west to Ethiopia in the east, and South Africa in the South. Diamonds are found throughout the continent and copper is ubiquitous in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania, South Africa and Namibia. Each African country is rich in resources of one kind or another, and recent exploration and mining initiatives by China, individual African countries, and multinational conglomerates are resulting in a boom in mining operations in the continent.

Dignissim pretium et sit amet augue. Maecenas tincidunt cursus tellus, ut sodales nullam.