Diamond Mining in Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe has similar geology to ancient cratons such as the Congo, Siberia, and Kaapvaal. This presents immense opportunities for discoveries of kimberlitic diamonds. Recently, a major discovery of placer diamond deposits was made at Chiadzwa. Over 120 kimberlites were discovered in two deposits, at the Murowa Diamond Mines and River Ranch. The economic and commercial viability of the kimberlites ahs not yet been ascertained.
Coal Mining in Zimbabwe
The Lower Karoo rocks of the Save-Limpopo and Zambezi basins host massive reserves of coal, which consist of around 29 deposits with an approximate resource of over 12 billion tons of coal. Production is no longer limited to the Zambezi Valley region, and mining operations have been launched in the Sengwa, Mkwasine, and Tuli coalfields. In addition to this expansion, there is even more potential for coal mining in Zimbabwe, and several projects are being mapped out. Nickel Mining in Zimbabwe Zimbabwe’s nickel sulphide endowment consists of various komatiite
and mafic intrusion-hosted deposits. The potential of ore reserves in Zimbabwe is not yet known, but over 30 deposits have thus far been discovered. There are also other nickel sources, such as oxide nickel deposits, around the country and massive laterite nickel deposits in the northern part of the Great Dyke.
PGM Mining in Zimbabwe
With an estimated 2.8 billion tons of PGM ore at 4g/t, the Great Dyke has platinum reserves so vast that it is only surpassed by the Bushveld Complex in South Africa. There are two horizons, the Lower Sulphide Zone and the Main Sulphide Zone. Mining is currently focused on the Main Sulphide Zone, and the Lower Sulphide Zone is being surveyed.
Mining Companies Operating in Zimbabwe
Some of the most prominent mining companies operating in Zimbabwe are Mining IQ, Mbada Diamonds, Caledonia Mining Corporation, Zimplats, Mimosa, Unki Mine (owned by Anglo Platinum), Africa Chrome Fields, Zimasco, Metallon Gold Corporation, Asa